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vaccine protocols and why they can fail
#1
Vaccines for pups
Owners must be fully made aware that ;
Not every attempt to vaccinate a dog is effective and
numerous factors can contribute to vaccine failure. Even
under the best of circumstances, some vaccines may only be
65% effective. This may be useful in reducing the incidence
of disease in a population but can leave a large number of
individuals at risk.Measuring antibody titers as an indicator for revaccination seems reasonable but is not a simple process. Many factors go into the testing procedure and there is no standardization between testing methods and laboratories.
Often, titer levels needed to infer protection from disease
are not known. Therefore, it is impossible to know if a given
titer in a specific animal indicates adequate protection
against disease. In the future, measurement of titers may provide a method of determining intervals for revaccination.It is important to recognize that vaccination is not a benign procedure and a multitude of complications and
reactions can occur. These may include: transient local
reactions, allergic reactions, fever and malaise, tumor formation,and even death. Fortunately, today’s vaccines have
a low incidence of side effects, and most that do occur are
transient or easily managed. When an individual dog has a
reaction, it may be difficult to determine the specific component
of the vaccine that is responsible. Subsequent
vaccinations should be approached with caution and performed
only under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Modified live virus vaccines have the potential to create
symptoms of the disease or the disease itself. This
possibility is augmented when these vaccines are given to
animals that are underage, immunosuppressed, or when the
vaccine is administered in the incorrect site.
1. CORE VACCINES – Generally Recommended for
All Dogs
Distemper – MLV recommended
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Begin at 6–8
weeks, vaccinate every three weeks until 12–14
weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single dose is protective. Second dose in 2–4
weeks is recommended.
• Adult Boosters: At one year of age then every
three years.
Hepatitis – MLV recommended. Use Adenovirus-2
only. Do NOT use Adenovirus-1.
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Begin at 6–8
weeks, vaccinate every three weeks until 12–14
weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single dose is protective. Second dose in 3–4 weeks
is recommended. Second dose is required if using
killed vaccine.
• Adult Boosters: At one year of age then every three
years.
Parvovirus – MLV recommended
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Begin at 6–8
weeks, vaccinate every three weeks until 12–14
weeks of age. Additional vaccinations through
16–18 weeks are recommended with MLV. Additional
doses are required if using killed vaccine.
Vaccination until 18 weeks of age is also recommended
for Doberman Pinschers, Rottweilers, and
some Labradors.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single dose is protective. Second dose in 3–4 weeks
is recommended. Second dose is required if using
killed vaccine.
• Adult Boosters: At one year of age then every three
years for MLV. Yearly with killed product.
Rabies – Killed vaccine recommended.
NOTE: LOCAL LAWS REGARDING RABIES
VACCINATION MUST BE FOLLOWED
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Single vaccination
after three months (12 weeks) of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single vaccination.
• Adult Boosters: At one year of age then every 1–3
years depending on product and local laws. Note:
Local laws may dictate that this vaccine may only be
given by a licensed veterinarian.
2. NON-CORE (OPTIONAL) VACCINES – Should be
Considered in Special Circumstances That Are
Usually Dependent Upon Individual Risk of Exposure
Measles – MLV recommended
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Single dose
between 4–12 weeks only.
Parainfluenza – MLV (injectable or topical intranasal)
recommended
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Begin at 6–8
weeks, vaccinate every three weeks until 12–14
weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single dose is protective.
• Adult Booster: At one year of age then every three years.
Leptospirosis – Killed bacterin (various serovars)
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Administer at
12 weeks and 14–16 weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
two doses, 2–4 weeks apart.
• Adult Boosters. DOI questionable. If indicated, should
be administered at least yearly. May require revaccination
every six months in geographical areas with an
increased incidence of this disease.
Bordetella – Killed bacterin, injectable
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Administer at
6–8 weeks and 10–12 weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
two doses, 2–4 weeks apart.
• Adult Boosters: Annually; more frequently in
high-risk settings.
Bordetella – Live avirulent bacteria, topical intranasal
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): As early as three
weeks of age and an additional dose after six weeks age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
A single dose is adequate.
• Adult Boosters. Annually; more frequently in high-risk
settings (every six months or one week prior to exposure).
Lyme’s – Killed whole bacterin or recombinant
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Initial dose can
be given at nine weeks but optimal to wait until
three months. Second dose in 2–4 weeks.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
two doses, 2–4 weeks apart.
• Adult Boosters: Annually, just prior to beginning
of tick season.
Coronavirus – Killed or MLV
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Begin at 6–8
weeks, vaccinate every 2–3 weeks until 12 weeks of age.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
Single dose is protective. Second dose in 2–4 weeks
is recommended. Second dose is required if using
killed vaccine.
• Adult Boosters: Annually.
Giardia – Killed product
• Initial Puppy Vaccination (<_16 weeks): Initial dose at
eight weeks and second dose in 2–4 weeks.
• Unvaccinated or Unknown Vaccination (>16 weeks):
two doses, 2–4 weeks apart.
• Adult Boosters: Annually

HOPE THIS HELPS ALL NEW OWNERS AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES THAT THINK CORE VACCINES INCLUDE LEPTO VACCINE !!!!
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